Rwanda, officially called the Republic of Rwanda, is a small and beautiful landlocked country in the East Central Africa, with about 8.6 million inhabitants (Source: United Nations), or 328 persons per sq. km out of the total area of 26,338 sq. km, from which 1,400 sq. km is water.
This touristic and attractive country, of hilly terrain and lush green vegetation, is identified as the “Land of Thousand Hills”, located at 120 km at the south of the Equator, and sharing boarders with the Democratic Republic of Congo on the West, Tanzania on the East, Burundi on the South, and Uganda on the North.
The image of Rwanda to the world today is of its wicked past of the 1994 genocide, which resulted in the huge lost of up to 800,000 lives. The country that had one people, speaking one language and sharing one culture, became victim of Westerners’ manipulations and learned to hate and to kill.
It is a fact that up to now, many people are suffering the consequences of that horrible 1994 Genocide. Day by day, many are facing the spiritual, emotional, physical, and socio-economical challenges. However, in spite of wounds and scars, Rwanda is heading toward a brighter future. Very considerable efforts have been produced by the Government through the strategic plan called “Vision 2020”. The Church along side with some non-governmental organisations has also contributed a lot in the whole process. Whilst the country is striving for development, God is helping us to be reconciled to ourselves. As one people, we are rebuilding the country and its values. Now we consider God to be the Lord and King of Rwanda. By implementing His kingdom principles in our country, we are getting rid of the sexual immorality, which could be said to be at some extent part of our culture.
The today’s Rwanda is a green field for both, missionaries and investors. English, French and Kinyarwanda are used as official languages, whilst Swahili is used as a commercial language in some urban areas. We would not be wrong to assume that Rwanda, with its visionary leader and responsible government, it can be counted among the safest African countries.
Population: 9,907,509 (Source: CIA World Factbook) or (Hutu: 84%; Tutsi: 15%; Twa: 1%);
Life Expectancy at Birth: 38.66 years;
Literacy Rate: 48%;
Languages: Kinyarwanda, French, English, Swahili;
Religion: (Roman Catholic: 56.5%) (Protestant: 26%) (Adventist: 11.1%) (Muslim: 4.6%) (Indigenous Beliefs: 0.1%) (None: 1.7%).
Natural Resources: Gold, Cassiterite, Wolframite, Methane, Hydropower, Arable Land.
Houses with Electricity: 6% (1% in rural areas compare to 25% in urban areas); Consumable water: 33% use the water from the source, whilst one quarter of the population is using the public water fountain;
Indispensable goods: (Radio: 46%) (Television: 2.3%) (Mobile phone: 4.6%) (Landline Telephone: 0.8%) (Fridge Freezer: 1.2%) (Bicycle: 11%)
(Motorcycle: 0.5%) (Car/Lorry: 0.7%) (Those without any of these things: 52%);
HIV/AIDS Facts: Among young people between the ages of 15 to 24 years old, it is estimated that 380 girls out of 100 men are infected by the virus. In the age group 15 to 19 years old, about 93% never done the test, whilst about 4% have had sexual intercourse before the age 15.